When the Ottomans, led by the victorious Sultan, conquered Constantinople in 1453. The Ottomans named the city of Istanbul.
Decoration of Hagia Sofia
Since Islam was the main religion of the Ottomans, a mosque in Hagia Sophia was renovated. As part of the conversion, the Ottomans covered many original Orthodox mosaics designed by Kadaskar Mustafa Zeit with Islamic calligraphy.
The panels or medals that hung on Navi’s columns included the names of Allah, the Prophet of Islam, the first four caliphs, and the Prophet’s two grandsons.
The music on the main dome – which is thought to be the image of Christ – was also covered with gold calligraphy.
An altar or nave was installed in the wall, as is customary in mosques, to indicate the direction of Mecca, one of the holy cities of Islam. The Ottoman Emperor Koni Sultan Suleiman (1520-1566) installed two bronze lamps on each side of the altar, and Sultan Murad III (1574-1595) added two marble cubes from the Turkish city of Bergama, dating to 4 BC.
The building also included four minarets in the original building, partly for religious purposes (museums to call for prayers) and partly to strengthen the structure after the city was hit by earthquakes at the time. for the.
During the reign of Sultan Abd al-Masid, between 1847 and 1849, Hagia Sophia underwent a major renovation, led by the Swiss architect Fusati Brothers. At that time, the Hankar Mehfili (a separate basket for the emperors to use for prayer) was removed and replaced with another near the mihrab.
Hagia Sofia today
Hajia Sofia’s role in politics and religion is controversial, even today – 100 years after the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
Since 1935, nine years after the founding of the Turkish Republic by Atatrk, the legendary structure has been run by the national government as a museum, and reportedly attracts more than 300,000 visitors a year.
However, since 2013, some Islamic religious leaders in the country have tried to reopen Haya Sofia as a mosque. And, this debate is not just a religious one: for most of the 21st century, Turkish society has seen an increase in nationalism, with this growing recognition of the Ottoman era as a fundamental part of the country’s history.
While the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul by the Orthodox Greeks, and Hagia Sophia is considered a high water mark of the time, there are some who have used the building as a mosque as a symbol of history. Advocating.
Although the building is still open to tourists.